Journal Title: زمستان 1390
Page From: 253 To: 262
Article title: Evaluation of Oral Health Status in Mild to Moderate Mental Disabled Children in Comparison with Normal Children in Isfahan (Iran)
Introduction: Mental retardation is a general word used for people whose intellectual development is significantly lower
than normal individuals. One consequence is their limited ability to comply with their environment. Providing dental services
for mentally retarded people requires matching with social growth, intellectual and spiritual factors of the person Therefore
dentists should plan methods for communication and reducing anxiety of these patients. The general purpose of this research
is to compare the oral health status of normal and mentally retarded children and also to examine the effect of educational
intervention on the amount of plaque in both groups.
Materials & Methods: A group of 130 children (70 girls and 60 boys) with mild to moderate mental disability at the
elementary level and a group of 130 children (67 girls and 63 boys) aged 7-11 years old from Jay region of Esfahan were
randomly selected. The questionnaire was completed with background information from their parents and coaches. Oral
health status was evaluated using DMFt, Dental caries treatment, and Sillness-Loe plaque indices.
Results: Decay rates in the healthy group and the mentally disabled group were 93.5% and 93%, respectively. The means of
the DMFT index in the mentally disabled group and in healthy group were 0.26 and 0.14respectively. The means of the dmft
in the disabled group and in the healthy group were 0.26 and 0.51, respectively. Dental caries treatment indices for deciduous
teeth in the disabled group and in the healthy group were 0.18 and 0.97, respectively and dental caries treatment indices of
permanent teeth in the disabled group and in healthy group were 0.14 and 0.13, respectively. The Sillness-Loe plaque indices
for the deciduous and permanent teeth before brushing in the disabled group and in healthy group were 1.51 and 1.64,
respectively, and the Sillness-Loe plaque indices for the deciduous and permanent teeth after brushing in the disabled group
and in the healthy group were 0.56 and 0.41, respectively.
Conclusion: Oral and dental health status of elementary level students with mild to moderate mental retardation is
undesirable. Oral health policy makers should try to promote and improve health policies in this group.
Mental retardation, DMFT index, Sillness & Loe plaque index, DTI index
|Parvin Khadem||First Authorfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Ramin Salehinia||Other Author|
|Maryam Karami||Other Author|